This October, GSOLE collaborated with one of its affiliate organizations, the Two-Year College Association, to co-host a webinar series in online literacy instruction (OLI). Each of the three, 30-minute presentations addressed a topic that GSOLE and TYCA members identified as areas of interest in a Needs Assessment Survey the organizations distributed in early October. All three webinars had participation ranging from 32 to 40 individuals. Presenter information, brief summaries, and links to resources and recordings for each event are below.
Presenters for this event were…
Giordano and Hassel opened by explaining why global events have increased teachers’ emotional labor and mental load. They defined emotional labor as “the degree to which our jobs entail recognizing, understanding, and managing the emotions of students, colleagues, and ourselves” and mental load as “invisible project management” associated with “anticipating and meeting the current and future needs of others.”
The presenters then shared the results of a 2019 TYCA Workload Task Force Survey that sought to identify how instructors coped with workload challenges, identifying the following strategies:
Webinar resources are available here.
Bogle and Maenhardt opened by explaining the benefits of peer review: it engages students in critical thinking, helps them evaluate their own learning and progress, and contributes to a classroom community. They then explained that peer review should meet the design of one’s particular course. For instance, teachers leading developmental courses might situate peer review around understanding the role feedback has in revision and reflecting on writing process while a first-year composition course’s peer review could divide the revision process into higher- and lower-order concerns accompanied by peer review protocols that reinforce assignment’s evaluation criteria. As well, delivery and modality need to be considered when designing the peer review process. Asynchronous peer review, for example, allows more freedom for timing, which can prompt a deeper engagement with a peers’ work, but is limiting because students cannot seek clarification in live-time.
Peer review can be made more approachable and manageable for students by creating flexibility and cognitively manageable processes. To do this, isolate the parts of the peer review process into different types of learning tasks. For instance, synchronous online peer review asks that students navigation technology (how to sign up for peer review and post drafts, how to meet with their partner), interpreting language (directions for peer review instruction and communicating with peers and instructor), task management (achieving the assigned tasks in the time allotted), and context (when should they use speech vs. chat, what should that peer-to-peer interaction look like). Once instructors have identified the separate tasks, they can design peer review materials to explicitly support students in each type of learning task.
The participants then broke up into two groups discussing the logistics of synchronous and asynchronous peer review at introductory and advanced levels. Slides for these conversations are available in the event resources folder.
Snart and Hoes formatted their webinar on social, cognitive, and teaching presences to mimic a dialogue between two instructors: one posing problems related to online teaching with the other responding to these problems with suggested strategies.
They began with social presence, or the ability for students to feel like part of a cohesive class and experience the interpersonal connection needed to more deeply engage with learning. Online instructors often express frustration at the lack of classroom community in some online courses. To increase social presence, instructors can prompt students to participate in introductory activities with one another, meet their instructor through pre-recorded videos and conferences, and learn in discourse community groups with their peers.
Cognitive presence, defined as opportunities for students to engage with course material and peers as they construct knowledge, can be encouraged by virtual collaboration platforms, like Padlet or Google Slides. When selecting these technologies, Snart and Hoes recommend favoring technologies that work across devices and allow students to participate in activities without creating an account.
Finally, the presenters defined teaching presence as both the personality of the online teacher as well as students understanding the role they can play in teaching and learning from peers. Snart creates teaching presence by asking students to learn from each other through group projects where they assess peer learning and reflect on how they communicate knowledge to one another. Instructor teaching presence can be created easily through messaging systems like Remind, which helps teachers communicate to students by scheduling reminders and encouraging notes.
On Thursday, August 20th, GSOLE co-hosted “Delivering Rhetoric Online: A Roundtable Discussion” with the International Rhetoric Workshop, an affiliate organization. This event featured four instructors who had diverse experiences teaching rhetoric and teaching online in domestic and international contexts:
Foteini Egglezou, founding President of the Hellenic Institute of Rhetorical and Communication Studies and Professor of Critical Pedagogy at the Hellenic Open University in Greece, teaches in the distance Master's program. Dr. Egglezou's research interests are focused on the implementation of Rhetoric and Argumentation to all educational stages, the educational use of debate, the relation of Rhetoric to Critical Pedagogy, Critical and Active Citizenry, and the uses of argument in political speech. She discussed her moving "Odyssey," a debate program for high school students around Greece, online in response to COVID.
Erin Wais-Hennen, adjunct professor at Grand Canyon University, teaches Technical Writing and Rhetorical Theory for graduate students. She was Assistant Professor of English at Lindsey Wilson College where she taught Modern Rhetoric, Writing & Culture, among other courses. Dr. Wais-Hennen came to online instruction after a neurological disability caused her to lose her ability to speak. She offered rhetoric instructors alternatives for online instruction outside of speaking or being on camera and shared her social cognitive approach to online instruction.
Rich Rice, Professor of English in the Technical Communication and Rhetoric program at Texas Tech University, teaches composition, rhetoric, and technical communication courses online, including courses on topics like the history of rhetoric, grant writing, online writing instruction, intercultural communication, contemporary composition and rhetoric, and new media. Dr. Rice discussed how a modified rhetorical triangle can help students account for rhetorical choices in location and modality.
Brendan Hawkins, a PhD Candidate in rhetoric and composition at Florida State University, teaches History of Rhetoric, Rhetorical Theory and Practice, and Research, Genre, and Context in addition to supporting GTAs as the Online Writing Coordinator for the College Composition Program. Hawkins shared his key terms approach to rhetorical online instruction, which allows students to grapple with broader questions about rhetoric while encouraging them to read across texts and time periods.
In addition to sharing the strategies they enact in their local contexts, the presenters answered questions related to delivering rhetorical content online and designing engaging online learning. Hawkins noted the value of asking students to produce rhetorical summaries, informal writing assignments that help them work through dense theories before they begin discussing with their peers and instructor. Dr. Egglezou encouraged us to remember rhetoric is an embodied act and explained how she uses video examples and analysis activities to discuss how rhetoric is presented through movement as well as words. Dr. Rice explained that while the discussion board is a very adaptable space for learning, rhetoric instructors can use virtual collaborative platforms (like Google Docs or Wikispaces) as well as multimodal forms of responses to engage students with rhetorical theory. Both Rice and Dr. Wais-Hennen drew strong connections between rhetorical theories and professional practices. Wais-Hennen asks students to apply their rhetorical knowledge to professional documents by creating analysis reports or redesigning the documents to better enact rhetorical principles they study. Rice explained that he allows students to achieve the learning outcomes by examining and composing documents that are taken up by their professional communities. Finally, in an open discussion, presenters and speakers discussed how to communicate expectations for civil engagement in the online classroom. Miranda Eggers, an attendee, suggested having students collaboratively define civil discussion and work as a community to create guidelines. Hawkins noted the importance of transparency in communicating expectations to students early and often.
We had a well-attended and lively group. Below are additional resources related to the event:
A recording of the event can be accessed here and here is a link to the PowerPoint slides.
During the roundtable, several resources were provided, either in the chat or as part of presentations. Those resources have been provided below for your convenience.
Wais-Hennen’s video responses:
Maintaining Instructor Presence
Interactive and Constructive Online Discussions
Student and Faculty Barriers
From Erin and Rich on Using Professional Documents in the Rhetoric Class
This “Special issue free access: A Response to Emergency Transitions to Remote Online Education” from Information and Learning Sciences
Egglezou mentioned the Hellenic Institute of Rhetorical and Communication Studies (HIRCS), which can be accessed via email (firstname.lastname@example.org) or online at https://odyssey.igf.edu.pl/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/%CE%9F4-IN-ENGLISH.pdf
You can learn more about the Odyssey project at their website, https://odyssey.igf.edu.pl/, which is also available in English at https://odyssey.igf.edu.pl/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/O3_ENGLISH_25.03.2020-1.pdf
Hawkins mentioned an online scheduling platform, https://calendly.com/
Rice shared the AAC&U’s VALUE Rubrics: https://www.aacu.org/value/rubrics
The Global Society of Online Literacy Educators’ webinar series on social justice in the online classroom: https://gsole.org/webinars/participation
International Rhetoric Workshop’s 2021 event information: http://www.internationalrhetoric.com/
Several of our speakers would be happy to follow-up with you to discuss teaching rhetoric online in further detail: Foteini Egglezou, email@example.com & Erin Wais-Hennen firstname.lastname@example.org
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